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Part 1 – Abstract & Our History

Part 2 – Critical Geography & Intersectional Feminism

Part 3 – Current Literature

Part 4 – Case Studies

Part 5 – Analysis, Conclusion, Discussion

 Part 6 – Bibliography

“Basic Facts About Homelessness: New York City – Coalition For The Homeless.” Coalition For The Homeless. February 2016. http://www.coalitionfor

“Current Statistics on the Prevalence and Characteristics of People Experiencing Homelessness in the United States.” SAMHSA (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Association). July 2011. “Domestic Violence and Homelessness.” National Coalition for the Homeless. Accessed April 27, 2016. facts/domestic.pdf.

“Policy Brief: Overview of NASADAD Priorities.” (NASADAD) National Association of State Alcohol and Drug Abuse Directors. 2007.

“Some Facts on Homelessness, Housing, and Violence Against Women.” National Law Center on Homelessness and Poverty. 2010. content/pubs/Some Facts on Homeless and DV.pdf.

“The Characteristics and Needs of Families Experiencing Homelessness.” The National Center on Family Homelessness. 2011. Available at http://

“The Characteristics of Homeless Women .” Report. Colorado Coalition for the Homeless, 2012.!userfiles/ TheCharacteristicsofHomelessWomen_lores3.pdf.

“The Rising Number of Homless Families in NYC, 2002–2012: A Look at Why Families Were Granted Shelter, the Housing They Had Lived in & Where They Came From.” NYC Independent Budget Office. 2014.

“Week 2 of Interviews,”  Tales of Endurance: Stories from New York City’s Homeless . December 10, 2007. Accessed April 26, 2016. https://talesofendurance.

Albelda, Randy, M.V. Lee Badgett, Alyssa Schneebaum, and Gary J. Gates. Poverty in the Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Community. Report. Los Angeles,

CA: Williams Institute UCLA School of Law, 2009. http://williamsinstitute.

Belcher, John R. “Poverty, Homelessness, and Racial Exclusion.”  The Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare  19, no. 4 (2015): 41-54. http://scholarworks.

Billies, Michelle. “Low Income LGBTGNC (Gender Nonconforming) Struggles Over Shelters as Public Space.”  ACME: An International E-Journal for Critical Geographies  14, no. 4 (2015): 987-1007.

Brown, Gavin. “Marriage and the Spare Bedroom: Exploring the Sexual Politics of Austerity in Britain.”  ACME: An International E-Journal for Critical Geographies. Department of Geography University of Leicester  14, no. 4 (2015): 975-88.

Bruce, Martha Livingston. “Poverty and Psychiatric Status.” Archives of General Psychiatry  48, no. 5 (1991): 470-74. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1991.01810290082015.

Crenshaw, Kimberle. “Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence against Women of Color.” Stanford Law Review 43, no. 6 (1991): 1241-299. doi:10.2307/1229039.

Crouse, Joan M.  The Homeless Transient in the Great Depression: New York State, 1929-1941  . Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1986. Dank, Meredith, Pamela Lachman, Janine M. Zweig, and Jennifer Yahner. “Dating Violence Experiences of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Youth.” Journal of Youth and Adolescence  43, no. 5 (2013): 846-57. doi:10.1007/ s10964-013-9975-8.

Davis, Angela Y. Women, Race, and Class. New York, NY: Vintage Books, 1983.

Dhillon, Jaskiran. “Social Exclusion, Gender, and Access to Education in Canada: Narrative Accounts from Girls on the Street.”  Feminist Formations 23, no. 3 (2011): 110-34. doi:10.1353/ff.2011.0041.

Dill, Bonnie Thornton, and Ruth E. Zambrana. Emerging Intersections: Race, Class, and Gender in Theory, Policy, and Practice. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2009.

Donovan, Shaun.  The 2009 Annual Homeless Assessment Report to Congress . Report. Washington D.C., MA: U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, Office of Community Planning and Development, 2010.

Fairbanks, Robert B.  The War on Slums in the Southwest: Public Housing and Slum Clearance in Texas, Arizona, and New Mexico, 1935-1965  . Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 2014.

Finfgeld-Connett, Deborah. “Becoming Homeless, Being Homeless, and Resolving Homelessness Among Women.”  Issues in Mental Health Nursing 31, no. 7 (2010): 461-69. doi:10.3109/01612840903586404.

Freudenberg, Nicholas, PhD, Jeanne Moseley, MPH, Melissa Labriola, MA, Jessie

Daniels, PhD, and Christopher Murrill, PhD. “Comparison of Health and Social Characteristics of People Leaving New York City Jails by Age, Gender, and Race/Ethnicity: Implications for Public Health Interventions.”  Department of Urban Public Health, Hunter College  122 (2007): 733-43.

Gattis, Maurice N. “An Ecological Systems Comparison Between Homeless Sexual Minority Youths and Homeless Heterosexual Youths.”  Journal of Social Service Research 39, no. 1 (2013): 38-49. doi:10.1080/01488376.2011.633814.

Gattis, Maurice N., and Andrea Larson. “Perceived Racial, Sexual Identity, and Homeless Status-related Discrimination among Black Adolescents and Young Adults Experiencing Homelessness: Relations with Depressive Symptoms and Suicidality.”  American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 86, no. 1 (2016): 79-90. doi:10.1037/ort0000096.

Harvey, David.  Rebel Cities: From the Right to the City to the Urban Revolution . New York, NY: Verso Books, 2012.

Hellegers, Desiree.  No Room of Her Own: Women’s Stories of Homelessness, Life, Death, and Resistance  . New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011.

Koyama, Emi. “Disloyal to Feminism: Abuse of Survivors within the Domestic Violence Shelter System.” In  Disloyal to Feminism: Confronting the Abusive Power and Control within the Domestic Violence Industry. Portland, OR: Confluere Publications, 2003.

Kramer, Ronald. “Political Elites, “Broken Windows”, and the Commodification of Urban Space.”  Critical Criminology 20, no. 3 (2011): 229-48. doi:10.1007/ s10612-011-9137-9.

Lowe, Eugene, and Gail Thomas.  Hunger and Homeless Survey: A Status Report on Hunger and Homelessness in America’s Cities  . Report. Washington D.C., MA: Ity Policy Associates, 2006. 2014/1211-report-hh.pdf.

Macionis, John J., and Linda M. Gerber.  Sociology, Seventh Canadian Edition . Toronto, CA-ON: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2011.

May, Vivian M. Pursuing Intersectionality, Unsettling Dominant Imaginaries. Abingnon, UK: Routledge, 2015.

Mcquistion, Hunter L., Prakash Gorroochurn, Eustace Hsu, and Carol L. M. Caton. Risk Factors Associated with Recurrent Homelessness After a First Homeless Episode.”  Health Community Mental Health Journal  50, no. 5 (2013): 505-13. doi:10.1007/s10597-013-9608-4.

Mitchell, Don. The Right to the City: Social Justice and the Fight for Public Space. New York, NY: Guilford Press, 2003.

Mohan, Erica, and Carolyn M. Shields. “The Voices Behind the Numbers: Understanding the Experiences of Homeless Students.”  Critical Questions in Education  5, no. 3 (2014): 189-213.

Nunez, Ralph. “Family Homelessness in New York City: A Case Study.”  PoliticalScience Quarterly  116, no. 3 (2001): 367-79. doi:10.2307/798021.

Ompad, Danielle C., Samuel R. Friedman, Sel J. Hwahng, Vijay Nandi, Crystal M.

Fuller, and David Vlahov. “HIV Risk Behaviors Among Young Drug Using Women Who Have Sex With Women (WSWs) in New York City.” Substance Use & Misuse  46, no. 2-3 (2011): 274-84. doi:10.3109/10826084. 2011.523284.

O’Sullivan, Eoin, Volker Bush-Geertsema, Deborah Quilgars, and Nicholas Pleace, eds. “Homelessness, Poverty, and Social Exclusion.”  European Journal of Homelessness 4 (2010).

Padgett, D. K., B. T. Smith, K. S. Derejko, B. F. Henwood, and E. Tiderington. “A Picture Is Worth . . . ? Photo Elicitation Interviewing With Formerly Homeless Adults.”  Qualitative Health Research 23, no. 11 (2013): 1435-444. doi:10.1177/1049732313507752.

Pattillo, Mary E.  Black on the Block: The Politics of Race and Class in the City . Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2007.

Peake, Linda, and Eric Sheppard. “The Emergence of Radical/Critical Geography within North America.”  ACME: An International E-Journal for Critical Geographies  13, no. 2 (2014): 305-27.

Perry, Clayton. “What the Housing Crisis Can Tell Us about Racism, Sexism and Homelessness.” June 30, 2008. the-housing-crisis-can-tell/.

Pettit, B., and B. Western. “Mass Imprisonment and the Life Course: Race and ClassInequality in U.S. Incarceration.”  American Sociological Review 69, no. 2 (2004): 151-69. doi:10.1177/000312240406900201.

Quigley, John M., and Steven Raphael. “The Economics Of Homelessness: The Evidence From North America.”  International Journal of Housing Policy 1, no. 3 (2001): 323-36. doi:10.1080/14616710110091525.

Ramaswamy, Megha, and Nicholas Freudenberg. “The Cycle of Social Exclusion for Urban, Young Men of Color in the United States: What Is the Role of Incarceration?”  Journal of Poverty 16, no. 2 (2012): 119-46. doi:10.1080/ 10875549.2011.639862.

Ray, Nicholas, Colby Berger, Susan Boyle, Mary Jo Callan, Mia White, Grace

McCelland, and Theresa Nolan.  Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Youth: An Epidemic of Homelessness  . Report. New York, NY: National Gay and Lesbian Task Force Policy Institute, 2006. static_html/downloads/HomelessYouth.pdf

Rodriguez, Nino, and Brenner Brown.  Vera Institute of Justice , 2003, 1-12. Routier, Giselle. NEW YORK CITY HOMELESS MUNICIPAL SHELTER POPULATION, 1983-PRESENT.  Report. February 2016. http://www. CHomelessShelterPopulation-Worksheet1983-Present-Feb2016.pdf.

Rossi, Peter H. “The Old Homeless and the New Homelessness in Historical Perspective.”  American Psychologist 45, no. 8 (1990): 954-59. doi:10.1037/ 0003-066x.45.8.954.

Schweber, Nate. “Life on the Streets.” The New York Times. September 06, 2015. Accessed April 26, 2016. 06/nyregion/07homeless-in-new-york-city.html.

Shinn, M., B. C. Weitzman, D. Stojanovic, J. R. Knickman, L. Jiménez, L. Duchon, S.

James, and D. H. Krantz. “Predictors of Homelessness among Families in New York City: From Shelter Request to Housing Stability.”  Am J Public Health American Journal of Public Health  88, no. 11 (1998): 1651-657. doi:10.2105/ajph.88.11.1651.

Sokoloff, N. J. “Domestic Violence at the Intersections of Race, Class, and Gender: Challenges and Contributions to Understanding Violence Against Marginalized Women in Diverse Communities.”  Violence Against Women 11, no. 1 (2005): 38-64. doi:10.1177/1077801204271476.

The Characteristics and Needs of Families Experiencing Homelessness.  The National Center on Family Homelessness. (2011) http://www.familyhomelessness. org/media/147.pdf.

Thomas, Sheila and Kimberle Crenshaw. “Intersectionality: The Double Bind of Race and Gender.”  Perspectives Magazine , 2004.

Toth, Jennifer.  The Mole People: Life in the Tunnels beneath New York City . Chicago, IL: Chicago Review Press, 1993.

Volsky, Igor. “Racism, Sexism, And The 50-Year Campaign To Undermine The War On Poverty.” ThinkProgress RSS. January 8, 2014. economy/2014/01/08/3122111/war-poverty-race-sexism/.

Wahab, Stephanie, Ben Anderson-Nathe, and Christina E. Gringeri.  Feminisms in Social Work Research: Promise and Possibilities for Justice-based Knowledge  . New York, NY: Routledge Publishing, 2014.

Webb, Philip.  Homeless Lives in American Cities: Interrogating Myth and Locating Community  . New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014.

Weisbrod, Burton Allen.  The Economics of Poverty: An American Paradox . Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1965.

Wenzel, Suzanne L., Barbara D. Leake, and Lillian Gelberg. “Health of Homeless Women With Recent Experience of Rape.”  J Gen Intern Med Journal of General Internal Medicine 15, no. 4 (2004): 265-68. doi:10.1111/j.1525-1497.2000.04269.x.

Windsor, L. Cambraia, E. Benoit, and E. Dunlap. “Dimensions of Oppression in the Lives of Impoverished Black Women Who Use Drugs.”  Journal of Black Studies  41, no. 1 (2008): 21-39. doi:10.1177/0021934708326875.

Windsor, Liliane Cambraia, Eloise Dunlap, and Marilyn Armour. “Surviving Oppression under the Rock: The Intersection of New York’s Drug, Welfare, and Educational Polices in the Lived Experiences of Low-Income African Americans.”  Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse 11, no. 4 (2012): 339-61. doi:10.1080/15332640.2012.735176.

Wilson, William J.  More than Just Race: Being Black and Poor in the Inner City . New York, NY: Norton & Company, 2009.


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